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How to Write Appendices For The Dissertation or Research Paper

How to Write Appendices In Academic Writing

Writing appendices can be challenging because, as we know, finding and understanding what they contain can be tricky. Appendices are commonly used in the academic world, and there may be situations where you need to include them in your work. They serve as additional material, including charts, graphs, and other external sources, enhancing your research. Knowing how to write and present them can greatly benefit your academic career. In this blog, we'll discuss what appendices are in academic writing, their purpose, and types, how to structure them, and where to include them in your assignment. Let's dive into the world of “How to Write Appendices”.

What Are Appendices in Academic Writing?

The appendices are a section that you add at the end of an academic paper. This information doesn't belong in the main body; instead, it goes on a separate page. The crucial aspect of appendices is that the extra material must align with the topic, offering relevant and supportive information for the reader. It's important to remember that appendices are not a place for unrelated data; rather, they serve to enhance the understanding of the main content by providing additional context or details. So, ensure that any included information is directly connected to and aids in the comprehension of your academic work.

What Is the Purpose of Appendices?

Understanding the purpose of appendices in academic writing is crucial before delving into how to write them or exploring their types. So, The primary goal of appendices is to provide clear information without confusing the reader. Think of them as a tool to enhance the understanding of your paper; when you have more to explain but are limited by word count, appendices come to the rescue. Here, you can incorporate graphs, charts, or other supplementary materials that go beyond the main text. The core purpose of appendices is to add transparency to the research process. This transparency allows readers to verify and validate the information presented in the main text, fostering trust in the credibility of your work. In essence, the main objective is to provide additional information that enriches comprehension without overwhelming the reader.

What Types of Appendices Are There?

There are so many different kinds of appendices, and each has its unique purpose, offering supplementary material. So, let's explore them.

  • Maps
  • Images
  • Raw Data
  • Spreadsheets
  • Survey Forms
  • Tables and Charts


Maps serve as excellent tools for presenting geographical or location-based information. Whether in the form of traditional paper maps or digital formats, their use depends on the nature of your research and the available technology. They become particularly valuable when your study involves fieldwork or data collection.


Images can enhance the visual appeal of a research paper or report. Visual aids, such as pictures, diagrams, or illustrations, are effective for explaining various concepts. Incorporating images not only breaks up long blocks of text but also adds an interesting and engaging element to your assignment. Their ability to make the content more visually appealing is a key consideration when presenting information.

Raw Data

Raw data stands as the most detailed form of information suitable for inclusion in appendices. It denotes the original data collected during the research process, untouched by analysis or interpretation. The incorporation of raw data in an appendix serves to empower readers, enabling them to independently verify the findings and draw their own conclusions.


Spreadsheets are widely recognized and frequently employed in research for organizing and analyzing data, especially when dealing with extensive databases. Including spreadsheets as appendices enhances readers' comprehension of the data and the calculations conducted, offering a more detailed insight into the research findings.

Survey Forms

Survey forms are a valuable inclusion when you want to share the actual forms or questions you used in your research. This provides readers with insight into how you collected your data. These forms typically consist of a set of questions designed to gather data from participants. Including survey forms in an appendix allows readers to grasp the specific questions asked and the response options provided during your research process.

Tables and Charts

Tables and charts are essential for explaining complex information, making them a common and effective choice in appendices. They serve as a great way to present intricate details, quickly capturing the reader's attention and allowing for a clear comparison of ratios and different groups. Ensure to incorporate tables and charts in your appendices to enhance the understanding of challenging content. comparison.

How to Write and Format Appendices?

How to Write Appendices

When writing the appendices, there are a few things you must remember, such as starting with the appendices on a new page, labelling it, writing a clear title, and many other things. Let's examine these points and discover how to write the appendices.

  1. Start a New Page for Each Appendix
  2. Labelling
  3. Descriptive Titles
  4. Consistent Formatting
  5. Page Numbering
  6. Content Inclusion
  7. Format the appendices
  8. Review and Edit
  9. Proofread

Start a New Page for Each Appendix

The very first step in writing an appendice is to start with a new page for every appendix. this will help the reader to read and understand it more quickly and the separating will look organized so make sure to start every appendix on a new page.


Labelling the appendices is great cause you need to ensure that the appendices involve assigning clear labels to each of them so make sure to write them like Appendix A or Appendix 1  and labelling them makes you and the reader less confused.

Descriptive Titles

Each appendix should have a descriptive title that must be more appealing also make sure to write it in bold so that can be seen clearly. This will help the reader understand the purpose of the appendix and its relevance to the main text.

Consistent Formatting

Maintaining consistent formatting is so useful so you need to make sure that you use the same font, and the same margins written out of style can provide you with great organised content. so make sure to maintain it.

Page Numbering

You can simply set the page number cause including the page numbers in your appendices to make it easier for the reader to find the information, so make sure to remember to continue the page numbering from the main text Don't confuse yourself and the reader.

Content Inclusion

In the process of creating appendices, content inclusion is a critical step. It involves adding supplementary materials such as charts, graphs, tables, or any relevant additional information that supports and enhances the main text. providing a comprehensive understanding of your research or information.

Format the appendices

Make sure to In APA style, appendices should be formatted in traditional paragraph style and may incorporate text, figures, tables etc so make sure to add the formatting style.

Review and Edit

After content inclusion and formatting, a thorough review and editing are necessary. This stage involves carefully assessing the content for clarity, relevance, and accuracy. so make sure to find the places to make changes and edit according to that.


The final step in preparing appendices is the proofreading stage. Proofreading ensures that the content is polished and error-free, contributing to a professional and well-presented document. Taking the time to proofread is crucial for delivering a document that reflects a high standard of quality and attention to detail.

Formatting Appendices In Different Styles

If we examine the format of appendices, we find various styles, with three main formats to keep in mind: APA, MLA, and Chicago. Let's delve into the specific writing formats for each in the sections below.

APA Style

In APA style, when composing your appendices, ensure that the text is left-aligned for body paragraphs. Page numbers should be consistently placed in the upper right corner of each page for easy reference. Figures and tables within the appendices must be labeled with the corresponding appendix letter followed by a numerical sequence, such as in Figure A1.

MLA Style

When adhering to MLA style for your appendices, adopt block quotations (indented by 10 spaces) for lengthy text passages. Page numbers should be centered at the bottom of each page within the appendices. Figures and tables, regardless of the specific appendix, should be numbered individually using Arabic numerals, such as Figure 1 or Table 2.

Chicago Style

In Chicago style, ensure that the first line of each paragraph within the appendices features hanging indentations. Page numbers should be added in the lower right corner of each appendix page. Figures and tables, irrespective of the specific appendix, should be numbered separately using Arabic numerals, like Figure 1.

Where to Include Appendices in an Assignment?

Appendices should be included at the end of the assignment, and you must include them at the end of your reference list. and every appendix must be aligned with the citation, table, or figures that are included after the paper. additionally, if you have an excessive number of appendices, be sure to include them separately.


Finally, we reviewed how to write appendices and how they might help improve academic writing. We've looked at an array of types, including tables, charts, and raw data, and we grasp their function to offer more context and help. We've covered the basics of creating well-structured and interesting appendices that complement the main content seamlessly.