Peking University (abbreviation: PKU; Chinese: Bei Jing Da Xue; literally. "Beijing University"), more commonly referred to informally as Beida (Chinese: Bei Da ), is the largest research institution located in Beijing, China, and is a member of the elite Double First Class University Plan as well as the C9 League of Chinese universities. Peking University was established as the Imperial University of Peking in 1898 when it was granted the first charter royal from the Guangxu Emperor. The university is the successor to the Guozijian Imperial College, Peking University's romanized name retains the earlier Chinese transliteration of Beijing, which is now obsolete in many other instances—continuously ranked among the top universities in China and around the world, as in 2021. Peking University is ranked 16th globally and 1st in Asia-Pacific and emerging nations according to Times Higher Education.
Throughout its entire time, Peking University has had an important place "at the centre of major intellectual movements" in China. It was deprived the status of a royal institution following the demise of the Qing dynasty as well as after the Xinhai Revolution; from the early 1920s, the institution was a hub for China's new democratic, progressive, and republican movements. Students and faculty played an important role in the genesis of in the New Culture Movement, the May Fourth Movement protests, as well as other important social and political events, in the sense that the history of the university is closely linked to the modern history of China. Peking University has trained and hosted many famous contemporary Chinese people, including Mao Zedong, Lu Xun, Gu Hongming, Hu Shih, Mao Dun, Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu and the current premier Li Keqiang.
The library at Peking University is among the biggest libraries around the globe, with more than 8 million books. The university also runs the PKU Hall, which is a professional centre for performing arts and it also houses the Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Arts and Archaeology. The university is also known for its campus grounds and the splendour of its classic Chinese architecture. In addition, it is one of the few colleges of liberal arts for undergraduate students in Asia, as well as being an A-class institution within the Chinese Double First-Class University program. Peking University's faculty includes 75 members belonging to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and 25 members of the World Academy of Sciences.
Peking University Campus
Its university campus Peking University was originally located north of the Forbidden City, which is located in the middle of Beijing but was relocated onto the campus that was previously Yenching University in 1952. Peking University's principal campus can be found situated in the northwest region of Beijing, located in the Haidian district, which is near Beijing's Summer Palace and the Old Summer Palace. The district is where the majority of Beijing's most famous palaces and gardens were created.
The campus of the university is located situated on the former location for Qing Dynasty imperial gardens and the campus is still home to a lot of traditional Chinese-style landscaping. This includes traditional gardens, houses, pagodas, and other important historical structures and buildings. The campus's landscape is the impression of western styles, paired with traditional Chinese aesthetics. American artist and architect Talbot Hamlin designed some of the campus's buildings built in the 1919-1922 period. There are three gates leading into the campus, including East, West, and South gates and one gate, the West Gate being the most popular for its murals that are painted on the ceiling. Weiming Lake is in the north of campus and can be found surrounded by walking trails with small gardens. The campus hosts a variety of museums, including The Museum of University History and the Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology. Notable exhibits included in these museums are artifacts from the funerary period that were found in Beijing and spanned to thousands of years ago from royal burials from during the Warring States period. There are vessels for ritual use as well as intricate pieces of jewellery that are on display. Also, there are human bones placed in the burial tradition of the time.
Peking University Academics
Peking University consists of 30 departments and 12 schools, offering 125 undergraduate majors as well as two majors that can be used in the 2nd Bachelor's Degree, and 282 programs for master's degree students and 258 doctoral students. Apart from basic research, The university also is involved in applied research.
Presently, Peking University has 216 research centres and research institutes that include 2 national engineering research centres as well as 81 major national disciplines as well as 12 national key laboratories. With 8 million items the library of the university is the largest library of its kind in Asia. Peking University as well as Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Emory University jointly administer the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering. Peking University has grown into an educational and research centre. Research. It is comprised of a range of disciplines of learning, such as applied and pure sciences and social science, humanities, as well as studies of management and education.
In the last century, a number of Peking University alumni have become presidents of other important Chinese universities which, including the former Tsinghua Vice President Luo Jialun. Renmin University President Yuan Baohua, Zhejiang University President Qian Sanqiang Fudan University President Zhang Zhirang, Nankai University President Teng Weizao Chinese University of Science and Technology the President Guan Weiyan, and many more.
Peking University Ranking
World University Rankings: #16 in 2022
QS World University Rankings: #18 in 2022
Academic Ranking of World Universities: #45 in 2021
Best Global Universities Rankings: #51 in 2021
Peking University Research
This is why Peking University has become a place for teaching and research and the first university of its kind that encompasses a variety of branches of study, including applied and basic sciences, the social sciences, the humanities, as well as sciences of management, medicine and education. The aim of the university is to be as one of the top universities in the world in the near future.
Peking University Education
The university has successfully merged research on the most important subjects in science and the education of staff with high levels of expertise and skills as required by the nation's socialist modernization. It is not just focused on improvement in research and teaching tasks, but the enhancement of interaction and promotion of mutual cooperation among different disciplines.
Peking University History
It was in 1912 that the school changed its name to Peking University in 1912. In the late 20th century in 20th century, the Chinese government placed Peking University at the top of its list for the promotion of higher education in order to create an internationally renowned university for 21st century. Century. After a merger into Beijing Medical University in 2000, Peking University once again was bolstered in its disciplinary structure.
Peking University Career
The potential of graduates on the global job market is now a key criterion to judge the effectiveness of a college as well as the level of its education. In 2012, the Global Employability Survey, conducted by the French consulting firm Emerging Emerging along with The German research institution Tendence with a large number of top recruiters in more than 20 nations, placed PKU students No.11 in the rankings, and was ranked behind the other universities that are world-renowned like Harvard as well as Yale, Cambridge and Oxford.
Peking University Library services
It is the Peking University library has been dubbed the most prestigious academic library of its kind in Asia that has a collection that includes 9.0195 millions of books in addition to Chinese as well as foreign journals and newspapers. It also functions as a modern and comprehensive information centre.
Peking University Life on campus
The students at Peking University enjoy a rich and active campus. Peking University has been famous for its student activities since its founding. With the full support of the university, students are encouraged to live a vibrant and exciting campus. There are over two hundred student-run organizations, as well as a wide range of activities for students that are offered throughout the year and that can meet the various requirements of local as internationally-minded students. With these programs, they develop their friendships, imagination and leadership.